In our student exegesis assignments we ask them to state the intended meaning for the ancient hearers, ideally in one sentence, maybe two, never more than 50 words. They commonly have two problems. The first is being brief I have a Sansblogue post on writing tightly that helps address this issue. Their second problem is that they often tend to forget that the text ever had ancient hearers!
Yet the Bible is a record of communicative acts, and communicative acts are always contextual. Some “holy books” (like the Qur’an?) are believed to be timeless and decontextual, some (like the I Ching) are thought of as magical or quasi-magical, but the Bible is “just” a complex communicative act.
It’s a very complex one, according to Christians, since it involves the Holy Spirit communicating with people in all sorts of times and places, through human acts of communication at particular times and places. That’s what some hermeneuts1 call the double agency of Scripture. But doubly agented texts are not unusual – all messages (except written or electronic ones) have double agency.
So why is the notion that an Old Testament text was addressed to ancient Israelites, and/or ancient Judaites or Jews, before it was addressed to modern Christians so difficult?
Listen next to my podcast “Luke 15:1 – 15:32: Lost and Found” as the next in this series, before I tell you how I cheated, and what I missed out in that podcast!
Other podcasts on this topic already include:
- A Text without Contexts is Dumb!
- Luke 9:1 – 9:36: What’s the point of a miracle?
- Prophets: three principles to unlock the code
- Reading the parable of the Big Feast in context (Luke 14)
- If the art and science of understanding is hermeneutics, then the person who does it is presumably a hermeneut. [↩]